Domestic animals are those animals which can be domesticated by humans. They are kept as a pet and help humans in many ways. Domestic animals like dog and cat are ranked at the top which can understand humans well and learn their training process very well. Other pets like horse and camel could help a man in trading things from one place to another. Here we pick top 10 domestic animals from all over the globe
A dog is ranked number one amongst all domestic animals as a best-domesticated pet. By AKC (American Kennel Club) report more than 33 million dogs have been registered as pets. The dogs have been bred by humans for a long time. They were originally bred from wolves. The average lifespan of a dog is 10-13 years. They are a most abundant wild carnivore. A dog is famous for its various physical and mental qualities such as helpful nature, guarding tendency, hunting, assisting police and military. A dog is ranked first amongst animals for its influence on humans and is therefore called as “Man’s best friend”. Though the origin of the domestic dog is not clear it is clear that they are first domesticated animals. Dogs could be trained the way owner wants to and are listed as one of the intelligent animals in the world. A dog is considered to be most loyal pets amongst all other domestic pets.
A cat is a small, cute and agile carnivore mammal. Cats love to be pet and cuddled. Cats are extremely loyal and give them a little bit of attention and they will return you a lot of love. Cats keep their surrounding clean and their house box or home is always tidy. Cats have a poorer colour vision but a better sense of smell. Cats communication include a variety of vocalisations such as mewing, purring and trilling. Study reports in 2007 suggest that Cats are a second most popular pet in the U.S. by the number of pets owned. Cats have lesser taste buds as compared to humans. They can listen to the sound of both higher and lower frequency than humans. This helps cats to listen to the voice of mice and animals smaller than cats. In open region, cats chose height to hide themselves to hunt. Cats have an acute sense of balance and flexibility and this helps a cat to jump at a height from one tree to another. Also, read about largest cat breeds in the world.
It is said by some cat lovers that cats should be considered to be the best pet in place of the dog. They say that you can keep many cats as a pet and they live peacefully, but you can keep only one dog as a pet because more than one dog cannot live peacefully. Cats don’t need a lot of space and care as dog need. Cats don’t create any noise and are quite than a dog.
3. Domestic Pig
Herbivores mostly form for its meat its meat for its meat called Pork. Pigs are considered to be most intelligent and friendliest animals in the world. Also, they are considered to be much more trainable than dogs and cats. A smaller sub-species of domestic pig called as Asian pot-bellied Pigs have made popular house pets in the United States in the later 20th century. Pigs at regular domestic farmyards are kept indoors but due to their large size and destructive nature, they are allowed to roam in a free space outside. The meat of a pig called Pork is used to make a variety of products such as sausage, bacon and ham. The pig’s head is used to make head cheese similar to the head cheese often made from sheep. Pigs usually live in groups of 8-10 adult sows. In hot temperature, pigs usually submerge in mud to cool themselves. Domestic pigs can eat continuously for many hours and then sleep for many hours. One of the behaviour characteristics of domestic pig is nest building.
A large ruminant animal with horns and cloven hoofs domesticated for meat or milk. The terminology used to describe sex of a cattle is first a bull calf and after it has grown 2-3 years it is called as an ox. The female is first a heifer calf then growing to a cow. Mature bulls weigh 450-1800 kg while mature cow weighs 360-1100 kg. Apart from milk and meat, One of the most useful animals to humankind cattle are also used to carry the heavy load which they carry from place to another. According to records of 2011, the number of cattle is estimated to be 1.3 billion in the world. Another product of cattle is dung which can be used for fuel purpose. In countries like India Cows are considered to be a sacred animal. Cattle eat a large amount of food with improper chewing and later regurgitates it.
Goat is a member of the family Bovidea and is closely related to sheep. Domestic goat is sub-species of a goat which is domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. According to UN Food and Agriculture organisation, there were more than 924 million live goats around the globe. Female goats are referred to as “does* and male goat as “bucks” or “billies”. Goats are considered to be one amongst earliest domesticated animals on earth. Goat is considered to be very innocent animal with a very little brain. They can continuously eat grasses on the field for a long time. They even sometimes eat cans, plastic bottles and cardboard lying on the ground which sometimes harm their body badly. They are curious and agile. Goats are herd animals that love to live in a company of goats.
Related: Top 10 Most Dangerous Goat Breeds.
Most useful animal across the desert. It is a gift from nature that an animal like the camel is made for easiness in regions like deserts. Camels have been famous for the fact that they can live for many days without water. They can travel very long distances without the need of water. The species of camels are categorized into three types – the first one is dromedary which makes up 94% of world’s camel population. Second is Bactrian camel which fills the rest 6% and the third one is Wild Bactrian camel which is now endangered. Camels are even-toed and on deserts, they can even run faster than a horse. Around 500 BC Bactrian camel was used for military purposes as well. The milk of camel is often a meal for tribes in the desert. The soft hairs on camel skin have a hue use in textile industry.
One of the most common domestic animals, Chicken have become the culinary art throughout the regions of different cultures around the world. Chicken poultry is the most common types of poultry in the world. Chicken can be prepared in a vast range of tastes according to region and country. Chicken is eaten in a variety of ways by boiling, baking, grilling, and frying. In developed countries like US and Canada, Chickens are typically subjected to intensive farming methods. As per the estimations of United States, there is more than 19 billion chicken on earth which outnumbers human. Chicken is preferred over red meat as it has very less concentration of cholesterol.
The domestication history of the ferret is uncertain but most of the records tell us that they are being domesticated from 2500 years. Earlier they were used to hunt rabbits but nowadays they are only kept as pets. Ferret is a European polecat. It is a mammal belonging to the same genus as the weasel. Ferrets become sexually mature at approximately 6 months and have an average lifespan of 7-10 years. They are 20 inches long including 5.1 Inch tail. Their median weight is approximately 0.7 to 2 kg. Ferrets like other pets require a cage to live at home.
9. Domestic Yak
A long hair domesticated bovid found throughout the Himalayan region of Indian Subcontinent. Its scientific name is BosGrunniens. Yaks are heavily built animals with a bulky body, sturdy legs and extremely long fur that hangs down the body of yak. Yaks have a wide forehead, smooth horns, and soft ears. Unlike cattle, yak has a long tail. Males weigh 350 to 580 kg and the female weighs 225 to 255 kg. Yaks can survive at high altitudes as they have larger lungs and hearts as compared to cattle at lower latitude.
Wild boar also called as wild swine is a Eurasian wild pig, native to North Africa, Eurasia, and Greatest Sunda Island. The animal is considered to be originated in South East Asia. Wild Boar is a bulky massive suit animal with small thin legs. They use their head for digging purposes. The size and weight of an adult boar are completely decided by the environmental conditions they are living in. Wild Boar produces three types of voices called as – Contact call, combat call, and alarm call.
These are the domestic animals in the world. Kindly share your comments.