Nature

10 Rarest Flowers In The World

Hydrangea

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Flowers always look beautiful as they spread happiness and love in their own form. There are many rare flowers that are magnificent and will always put a smile on your face. These flowers will not only in gardens they can even grow on mountains and difficult terrains giving us a lesson that beautiful evolution can take place from anywhere and any part of the earth. Flowers are also considered to be the most beautiful gift of nature and the botanists used to say that nature laughs in flowers. So, here we are listing the 10 incredibly beautiful and rarest flowers in the world.

 Rarest Flowers

  1. Black Bat Flower
  2. Chocolate Cosmos
  3. Golden Parrot’s Beak
  4. Kokia Cookei
  5. Middlemist red
  6. Hydrangea
  7. Campion
  8. Kadupul Flower
  9. Jade Vine
  10. Rafflesia Arnoldii

1. Black Bat Flower

The Black Bat Flower is scientifically known as Tacca chantrieri. It belongs to the yam family. The flower is black in colour and it is incredibly very beautiful. They are mostly found in Southeast Asia including Thailand, Malaysia, and southern China. It needs a lot of humidity and a huge amount of water till it grows properly. Black Bat Flower has 10 species found in Southeast Asia and all are very beautiful in their own design, size, and colour. The flower is very rare as it needs a very specific environmental condition to grow and the plant on which it grows is one of the endangered plants in the world.

Black bat flower can grow up to the height of 36 inches. They have also a unique underground bulb where they stored all of these nutrients required for the growth. The different species of the flower found in many colours like maroon, bronze, brown and green. A soil is the most important aspect of its growth. They are also one of the rarest flowers in the world. Black bat flower known for their large green-white leaves along with a smooth texture. The flower comes in a category of perennial plant that means they will complete their life cycle after more than 2 years.

Black bat flower can grow upto a height of 36 inches. Talking about the appearance, the most impressive part of the plant is its flower. It has 2 large dark brackets with leaves that look like petals and long filaments like bracteole & modified leaves are placed at the end. The Dark brackets look like wings and filaments resemble whiskers of a bat and hence the name. One of the rare flowers are 12 inches wide and have 28 inches long filaments. Full flower will appear once after the development of a plant with full 3 to 4 leaves.

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Black Bat Flower

Image Source: Wikimedia

2. Chocolate Cosmos

Chocolate Cosmos is also one of the rare flowers in the world. It is dark reddish brown in colour and have a scent like a chocolate and hence the name. It is considered to be the species of Cosmos. The flower is considered to be one of the rare beautiful flowers because of the specific environmental condition that is required for its fledged growth. It requires fertile, well-drained soil and full sun.

There is only one single clown of the flower is existing today. It can be grown outside very easily as a perennial in hardiness zones of 7 and above. The flower can also be grown on annual or in containers but a relatively colder climate is required. Too much watering to the plant will cause root damage but if you are watering once a week it will keep the root in healthy condition.  There are some flowers that only bloom at night called night blooming flowers.

The special species of perennial flowering plant originated in Mexico and also known as ‘black cosmos’ and previously known as ‘black biden’.Scientifically known as Cosmos atrosanguineus (formerly Bidens atrosanguineus) belong to the family Asteraceae, the family of daisies. The plant grows around 40 to 75 centimetres in height. One of the rare flowers can be deep brown to maroon colour in colour and have a fragrance of chocolate. The flowering plant grow best in summers or mostly sunny conditions and tehy grow from tubers that enable them to be divided. Flowers are mainly used in gardens for decorative purposes or as cut flowers.

Chocolate Cosmos

3. Golden Parrot’s Beak

Parrot’s Beak is one of the incredibly beautiful and rarest flowers in the world. It is native to the Canary Islands. The flower grows like a parrot’s beak and hence the name. It is also one of the rare flowers that is endangered and only a few species have been left in the world. The existing species of the flower found in the Canary Islands is under the protection of the law. It is also known as Lotus Vine.

They are best grown in the spring season and require the full sunshine. If you want to grow the Parrot’s Beak in the home then hanging baskets or planters are the best options. They can be best grown in the areas having full sunshine and not very hot summers as they need some shade after the afternoon for the growth. It can be easily propagated by stem cuttings but this should be done mostly during the summer season. The temperature of 65°to 75° until germination. Golden Parrot’s Beak can grow up to a height of 15 to 30 centimetres and spread to a diameter of approximately 61 cm (24 inches).

Golden Parrot’s Beak

Image Source: Wikimedia

4. Kokia Cookei

Kokia Cookei is one of the most endangered plant species in the world. It was first discovered in 1860 when only three trees can be found at that time. The flower is native to the Hawaiian Islands. The botanists considered it extinct in the year 1950 then a single plant has been discovered in Kauluwai estate. As of now, there are 23 plants that exist and preserved right now for the endangered plant. The flower is very beautiful as you can see in the picture. It comes under Malvaceae family of flowers. The single part of the plant that was found in Kauluwai estate has been destroyed by the fire but luckily a branch was removed from the plant and later it was grafted at the Waimea Arboretum. Also one of the rarest flowers in the world. The flower only lives on today due to grafts with other plants.

Kokia Cookei

Image Source: Wikimedia

5. Middlemist red

Middlemist red is one of the rare flowers in the world. As of now, they are only found in two locations namely greenhouse in the UK and a garden in New Zealand. The flowering plant has been imported to Britain to China nearly two hundred years ago. After some time the flower was completely become extinct from China and cultivated in the gardens of London. It is a pink colour flower. They are also one of the rarest flowers that exist today in the world. Fiona Crumley, the head gardener at the Chiswick House told the BBC ‘”It’s the importance of getting as many people as possible to ensure they stay with us on this Earth”. Apart from these two places, it is still a possibility that the flower has been kept in gardens around Britain. The flower evidently is named after John Middlemist.

Depending on teh type of camellia, the flower blooms in autumn, winter and spring. The vividly colored petals attracts bees for pollination and propagates via cuttings and seed. The leaves of the plant used for making white, green and black tea that are just other types of tea made from this plant. The tea oil obtained from the plant is known as edible oil that can be used for cooking and seasoning of various dishes. The oil is popular and widely used in China.Also, leaves are used in traditional Chinese medicine in treatment of asthma and cardiovascular disorders. The plant has a long lifespan of 100 to 200 years in the wild.

Middlemist red

You can also read: Beautiful Flowers

6. Hydrangea

It is also known as hydrangea or hortensia. One of the rare flowers that have about 70 to 75 species. The flower is native to native to southern and eastern Asia and mostly found in China, Japan, Korea, the Himalayas, and Indonesia. The different species of the flowering plant differ in size, flower shape and last the blooming period of the flower. They are best grown in the spring and summer months. There are many species of the plant that have two types of flower in their flowerheads. The first is a flower in the middle of the flowerhead and the second is in a ring around the edge of the flower head. All Hydrangea lovers beware, please do not eat it, they are moderately toxic.

They are mostly white but many other species also found in blue, red, pink, light purple and dark purple. If you want to grow the flowering plant you must first select the area that has a good amount of Sun. It also required a shade after the afternoon for the perfect growth. A soil is the most important aspect of growing these rarest flowers. However, it is the rarest but it is one of the best wedding flowers in the world. Flowers lovers be aware , please do not eat them, it is moderately toxic. It was first discovered in Japan and colors of the flowers are affected by the aluminum ions in the soil.

Hydrangea

7. Campion

It is also known as Silene tomentosa or Gibraltar champion. It is also one of the rarest flowers that exist today in the world. They belong to the family Caryophyllaceae. It is native to northern Africa, southern Europe, and the Middle East. It grows naturally in rocky and scrubby hillsides. The botanical section of Gibraltar has made a worldwide declaration that the flowering plant has been extinct now and no species left on Earth. A climber in the year 1994 found Campion flowers at the cliffs of Gibraltar making the statement wrong made by the botanical section of Gibraltar.

Now, the flowering plant is only grown in gardens of Gibraltar and London and that too in only a few numbers. Silene tomentosa is protected by the law of Gibraltar under Nature as it is a rare beautiful flower and endangered too. The flowers of red campion hold its importance because they help in various pollinating insects including bees, butterflies and hoverflies.

Campion

8. Kadupul Flower

Kadupul Flower is another magnificent and rarest flower in the world. It is native to Sri Lanka. It is also known as night-blooming cereus and comes under the family Cereeae. Though it is native to Sri Lanka it can be found in many parts of the world like Mexico to Venezuela, Brazil and also in America but only in sunshine areas like Texas or California. It is scientifically known as Epiphyllum oxypetalum and known for its pleasant fragrance. The flowering plant is also found in many parts of India like Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Ranchi, and Uttrakhand.

It will be best grown in late spring or early summer. The flower will blossom only at night and wilts before dawn. The flower is basically white-yellow coloured and it grows around 10 to 30 cm in diameter. It belongs to the cactus family and also one of the rare beautiful flowers in the world. The flower has a history associated with Japan where it is known as the Gekka Bijin or “Beauty under the Moon”.

Kadupul Flower

Image Source: Wikimedia

9. Jade Vine

It is also known as an emerald vine or turquoise jade vine. It was first discovered by Westerners in 1854 by botanists who were members of the US Wilkes Exploring Expedition. It is also one of the rare flowers on the planet Earth. It is native to the rainforest of the Philippines. The stems of the plant on which flower can be grown can reach up to 18m in length. It belongs to the pea and bean family. The deforestation of rainforests in the Philippines is one of the main reasons making it an endangered flower in the world.

It is one of the most beautiful and elegant flowers on planet Earth. It can be well grown in the warm humid strip but in colder latitudes, they need a proper large glasshouse or conservatory. Jade Vine flowers are pollinated by bats by drinking nectar from the flowers while brushing the top of their heads against the pollen. Natural pollinators and continuously changing environment are also one of the factors making it one of the rarest flowers in the world.

Jade Vine

Image Source: Wikimedia

10. Rafflesia Arnoldii

Rafflesia Arnoldii is the world’s largest bloom flower as they grow in a three feet area and weigh up to fifteen pounds. They are also known as the largest known flower in the world. It is also known as corpse flower. It is one of the three national flowers in Indonesia. The other two are white jasmine and moon orchid. In the year 1993, it was officially declared as one of the rarest flowers in the world by in Presidential Decree. A unique feature is that it has no roots and leaves.

Rafflesia Arnoldii comes under rare beautiful flowers because of disturbance by tourists and collecting of flower buds for traditional medicine. Rafflesia arnoldii flower does not have chlorophyll, therefore, it cannot undergo photosynthesis. Rafflesia arnoldii flower does not have chlorophyll, therefore, it cannot undergo photosynthesis.

rare flowers

These are the rare flowers in the world. Do post your comments.

You can also read: Medicinal Plants

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