The most significant and boundless structure type in old Greece was the sanctuary. The principal stone sanctuaries seemed sometime during the mid-sixth century BC and started to show up in enormous numbers in the following century. The reason for a Greek sanctuary was more often than not to house a clique statue or token. Religion did not expect individuals to assemble inside the sanctuary to venerate, and their sanctuaries were principally landmarks to the divine beings. The most unmistakable component of the Greek sanctuary is the gigantic segments. The Greeks utilized three sorts of sections: the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian request. Here are the 10 most famous Greek temples,
Famous Greek Temples
The Parthenon over the Acropolis is a standout amongst the most prominent vacation destinations in Greece and a visit to Athens isn’t finished without visiting this sanctuary. The development of the Parthenon began in 447 BC, supplanting and more established sanctuary that was crushed by the Persians, and finished in 432 BC.
The reason for the Parthenon was to house an enormous statue of Athena Parthenos produced using ivory, silver and gold. At some point in the fifth century, the statue was plundered by one of the Roman Emperors, and taken to Constantinople, where it was later crushed. During its long life, one of the oldest buildings of the Parthenon has additionally filled in as a fortification, a congregation, a mosque and as a powder magazine.
2. VALLEY OF TEMPLES
One of the famous Greek temples situated on an edge outside the city of Agrigento, Sicily lies the remaining parts of seven Greek sanctuaries called the Valley of the Temples. The Temple of Concordia worked in the fifth century BC, is the best protected in the Valley and is one of the biggest and best-safeguarded Doric style sanctuaries as yet standing. The Doric sections are 7 meters (22 feet) high including the capitals and have a distance across of 1.3 meters (4.5 feet) at the base. Different sanctuaries incorporate the Temple of Juno, utilized for the festival of weddings, and the Temple of Heracles, the most seasoned Temple at the site which today comprises of just eight sections.
Also Read: Top 10 Spectacular Wonders of the World
3. TEMPLE OF HEPHAESTUS
Situated around 500 meters north-west of the celebrated Acropolis, The Sanctuary of Hephaestus is the best-saved Greek sanctuary on the planet, in spite of the fact that it is far less known than its distinguished neighbour. The sanctuary was worked in the fifth century BC in a region which contained numerous foundries and metalwork shops. It was in this manner devoted to Hephaestos, the divine force of metalworking. The Sanctuary of Hephaestus was planned by Ictinus, one of the modellers who additionally chipped away at the Parthenon.
Paestum is an old Greco-Roman city in southern Italy, not a long way from the shoreline. The side flaunts three all-around protected Greek sanctuaries. The most established sanctuary in Paestum is the Sanctuary of Hera, worked around 550 BC by Greek pioneers. The close-by sanctuary was worked about a century later and was likewise devoted to Hera, the goddess of marriage and labour. Further away stands the Sanctuary of Athena worked in around 500 BC.
5. DORIC TEMPLE OF SEGESTA
One of the beautiful Geek temples located in the northwestern piece of Sicily, Doric temple of Segesta was one of the significant urban areas of the Elymian individuals were one of the three indigenous people groups of Sicily. The number of inhabitants in Segesta was blended Elymian and Greek, however, the Elymians soon Hellenized and took on outer attributes of Greek life.
The Doric sanctuary that falsehoods simply outside the old site is all around safeguarded. It was worked in the late fifth century BC and has 6×14 Doric segments. A few things propose that the sanctuary was never really wrapped up. The Doric segments have not been fluted as they typically would have been and the sanctuary likewise appears to have come up short on a rooftop over the fundamental chamber.
Image Source: Wikimedia
6. TEMPLE OF APOLLO EPICURIUS
Situated on a remote mountainside in the Peloponnese, the Sanctuary of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae is a well-saved and strange Greek sanctuary. It was manufactured somewhere close to 450 and 400 BC. The sanctuary is adjusted north-south, as opposed to most of the Greek sanctuaries which are adjusted east-west. The sanctuary is surprising in that it has instances of every one of the three of the old style requests utilized in old Greek engineering. Doric segments structure the peristyle while Ionic sections bolster the yard and Corinthian segments include in the inside. The sanctuary of Apollo Epicurius is by and by canvassed in a tent so as to shield the vestiges from the components.
Image Source: Wikimedia
The Erechtheum is an antiquated Greek sanctuary of Ionic style on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens. The sanctuary as observed today was worked somewhere in the range of 421 and 407 BC. The name, of the well-known cause, is gotten from an altar committed to the Greek legend Erichthonius. The sanctuary is presumably most celebrated for its particular yard upheld by six female figures known as the Caryatids.
8. TEMPLE OF ZEUS AT CYENE
Cyrene was the most significant of the five Greek settlements in present-day Libya. High up from the remainder of the city, lies the Sanctuary of Zeus, going back to the fifth century BC. It was annihilated during Jewish defiance in 115 Advertisement and was reestablished 5 years after the fact by the Romans on request of Ruler Hadrian. In 365 Promotion a quake decreased the sanctuary to rubble yet again and it was not reconstructed until present day times by English and Italian archaeologists. This sanctuary is bigger than the Parthenon, an impression of the riches and significance of Cyrene in the antiquated Greek world.
Image Source: Wikimedia
9. TEMPLE OF POSEIDON AT SOUNION
The temple of Poseidon is located at the southernmost tip of the Attica landmass in Greece, the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Sounion is with oceans lying on its three sides. The temple was constructed in approx. 440 BC, over the remnants of a sanctuary dating from the Old Time frame. Howvever, only a few segments of the Sanctuary of Poseidon stand today, however flawless it would have intently looked like the Sanctuary of Hephaestus underneath the Acropolis, which may have been planned by a similar draftsman.
10. TEMPLE OF OLYMPIA ZEUS
In spite of the fact that lone a couple of segments survive from the Sanctuary of Olympia Zeus in Athens, it doesn’t take much creative mind to understand this was one huge sanctuary. Development started in the sixth century BC during the standard of the Athenian dictators, who visualized structure the best sanctuary in the antiquated world, yet it was not finished until the reign of the Roman Ruler Hadrian in the second-century Promotion exactly 638 years after the venture had started.
These are the most beautiful and famous Greek Temples in the world. Kindly share and post your comments.