India, owing to this large geographical area is home of many famous Asian rivers, most of which are also the major rivers of India itself. Listed below are the top 10 longest rivers in India which also alternate as major Indian rivers in terms of functionality.
Streams assume a significant job in the improvement of the nation. India is a place where there is waterway and the Indian River framework is characterized into two section Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. The greater part of the Indian streams stream eastwards and channel into the Bay of Bengal however there are just three waterways in India that keep running from east to the west Narmada, Mahi and Tapti River. Here is the list of top 10 longest rivers in India:
Longest And Important Rivers in India
1.River Indus- 3,180 km
Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, an incredible trans-Himalayan stream of South Asia. It is one of the longest streams on the planet, with a length of about 2,000 miles (3,200 km). At 3,200 km long, the waterway Indus, which starts in the region of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet before it enters India, courses through Ladakh up to Punjab, and joins with the Arabian Sea at the port of Karachi. The Indus is the longest waterway of India. The Indus River courses through Himachal Pradesh and strikingly supplies water to Punjab, the agrarian generation focal point of India.
One of the major rivers of India, the river Indus is one of the longest rivers in the whole of Asia, besides being the longest river of India. It flows right through Pakistan to Jammu and Kashmir to Western Tibet. In India, it passes through the cities of Leh, Dera Ismail Khan, Sukkur, and Hyderabad. Besides being the longest river in India, the river Indus also contributes greatly to India’s tourism industry as several breath-taking tourist spots like Moenjodaro, Harappa, Thatta, and Taxila is situated on its banks.
2. River Brahmaputra- 2,900 km
One of the longest rivers in India, the Brahmaputra goes through the conditions of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh just as its neighbouring nations of China and Bangladesh. It starts at the Angsi Glacier in the Himalayas and courses through Tibet into Arunachal Pradesh and proceeds with its voyage toward the southwest into Assam and southward through Bangladesh. There it purges into the Bay of Bengal. The Brahmaputra is one of the real streams of Asia, a trans-limit waterway which courses through China, India and Bangladesh.
The lives of a large number of Indian and Bangladeshi residents are dependent on the Brahmaputra stream. Its delta is home to 130 million individuals and 600 000 individuals live on the riverine islands. These individuals depend on the yearly ‘ordinary’ flood to convey dampness and new dregs to the floodplain soils, consequently giving the necessities to agrarian and marine cultivating. Indeed, two of the three regular rice assortments (aus and aman) can’t be made without the floodwater.
A trans-tributary river, the river Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers in Asia, besides being one of the longest rivers of India and one of the major rivers of India as well. It flows through three countries – China, India, and Bangladesh, as a result, is known by various names across the regions it passes through. The 2900kms long Brahmaputra originally originates from the Manasarovar Lake and empties into the Bay of Bengal just like most other major rivers of India. The Brahmaputra river cruise is one of the most popular river cruises in India.
Also read: 10 Most Important Rivers in the World
3. River Ganges- 2,525 km
The Ganges River is one of the nation’s longest streams, just as it’s generally renowned. It streams for 2,525 km inside Indian outskirts before streaming into Bangladesh. Albeit, in fact, the Indus River is longer, quite a bit of it doesn’t actually bloom inside India. Additionally called the Ganga, the Ganges River ascends in the western Himalayas of India, and streams all through the north of the nation before it goes to the Bay of Bengal through Bangladesh. It fills in as a monetary and profound need of the regular folks.
Ganga, a trans-tributary river that flows through both India and Bangladesh is considered the most sacred river of India. It is a lifeline to the millions of people that live along its course and is 2,525 km long. The river Ganga eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal and forms the world’s largest group of deltas, known as the Sundarbans. The Sunderban National Park is now a UNESCO world heritage site and is also home to the magnificent Royal Bengal Tiger, the national animal of India. However, owing to the massive population of India and a large number of people residing on the course of the Ganga, the water of the river is becoming more polluted every passing day.
4. River Godavari- 1,465 km
One of the longest rivers in India, The Godavari River has its source in Maharashtra in western India. Here and there named the “Ganges of the South”, the Godavari imparts a storied history to its progressively celebrated cousin. What’s more, has been a component in Hindu sacred texts since antiquated occasions. The stream delta bolsters in excess of 700 individuals for each square km – an astounding sum for one waterway alone.
With a massive length of 1,465 km, the river Godavari is the second most important river among the rivers of India, after river Ganga. Originating from the Eastern Ghats, near Nasik in Maharashtra, it flows east through the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, and Odissa before finally emptying into the Bay of Bengal. It is known to form one of the largest river basins in the Indian Subcontinent, with only Ganga and Indus having larger basins.
5. River Sutlej- 1,450 km
The Sutlej here and there called the Satluj or the Satadree, goes through northern Indian states, just as through China, India, and Pakistan. Most of the waterway is in Pakistan. Because of its exceptionally quick stream, the Sutlej is a noteworthy hotspot for hydroelectric power in the area. A few days have been finished on the stream. The stream is eminent for streaming at an exceptionally high height. The Sutlej is a piece of the Indus stream framework.
6. River Krishna- 1,400 km
Likewise called the Krishnaveni River, the Krishna is found in the Western Ghats in the southeastern part of the nation. It moves through the conditions of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka. Its inception is at Mahabaleshwar, a community in the province of Maharashtra. Its biggest tributaries are the Tungabhadra River and the Bhima River. The Krishna is known for its fast stream and serious profundity, which can without much of a stretch achieve a profundity of 23 m. The territory encompassing the Krishna is inclined to soil disintegration amid rainstorm season. It is one of the longest rivers in India.
The River Krishna is almost 1400 km long and is the fourth largest river in terms of water inflow and river basin area. Being one of the major sources of irrigation for the farmers of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The River Krishna is also popularly known as Krishnaveni, which is also a common name given to the female children of that area. It originates from a city in the Satara district of Maharashtra, named Mahabaleshwar and empties itself into the Bay of Bengal.
7. River Yamuna- 1,376 km
Like others on this rundown, Yamuna additionally begins from an icy mass – explicitly the Yamunotri Glacier. The Yamuna at that point keeps on streaming for 1,376 km, where it continues the occupation of more than 50 million individuals. The Yamuna is remarkable for being the biggest stream in the nation that does not ever stream to the ocean. It is one of the Ganges River’s primary tributaries.
The goddess of the waterway, otherwise called Yami, is the sister of Yama, the divine force of death, and the girl of Surya, the Sun god, and his better half Saranyu. The Yamuna, alluded to deferentially as Yamunaji, holds a significant position in Pushti Marga, a substantial organization of Hinduism dependent on the ShuddhAdvaita, in which Shri Krishna is the primary god, spread by VallabhAcharya. The waterway Yamuna is associated with the religious convictions encompassing Krishna and different accounts of the two are found in Hindu religious writings, particularly the Puranas.
Originating from the Yamunotri glacier at the Banderpoonch peak which is located in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand, the 1,376 km long River the Yamuna is the second largest tributary of the river Ganga and the longest tributary river among the rivers of India. It makes its way through the states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Delhi. The river Chambal is its longest tributary and has its own river basin. Chambal is followed by the tributaries Sindh, Betwa, and Ken. The river Yamuna finally merges with the river Ganga at the Sangam or Prayag in Allahabad which is in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Also read: 10 Longest Rivers In The World
8. River Gadilam- 1,333 km
The Gadilam is a stream in the southern segment of the nation, in the territory of Tamil Nadu. It is at times called the Kedilam River. Like different entire on this rundown, the Gadilam streams into the Bay of Bengal. It has a little water stream, waste territory and sand store.
It is commonly overflowed amid the rainstorm season and raises the water table and feed tanks on its bowl. Barely any renowned sanctuaries like Thiruvathigai Veerataneshwar sanctuary and Thiruvanthipuram Thevanathan Perumal sanctuary are situated in its banks. It is likewise referenced in the Medieval Bhakti writings like Thevaram. The Gadilam River courses through the town of Cuddalore and isolates the Old Town from Thirupadiripuliyr. It is one of the longest rivers in India.
9. River Narmada- 1,312 km
The Narmada moves through the focal piece of the nation. While considering streams that stream just altogether inside India, the Narmada is, in fact, the third longest, after the Godavari and the Krishna. The Narmada is viewed as the holiest stream in the nation. The Narmada additionally called the Rewa and beforehand otherwise called Nerbudda, is a stream in focal India after the Godavari, and the Krishna.
It is otherwise called “Life Line of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh” for its enormous commitment to the territory of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in numerous ways. To Hindus the Narmada is one of the seven sacred waterways of India; the other six being Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswati, Sindhu, and Kaveri. It is trusted that a dunk in any of these seven waterways washes one’s wrongdoings away. As indicated by a legend, the stream Ganges, contaminated by a great many individuals washing in it, expect the type of dark dairy animals and goes to the Narmada to wash and purge itself in its blessed waters.
Popularly known as the Rewa and previously known as the Nerbudda, the River Narmada is considered as ‘the lifeline of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh’ for its immense contribution to these two states particularly. The River Narmada is one of the only three rivers of India that flow from east to west. River Tapti and Mahi being the other two. It originates from the Amarkantak plateau near the Annupur District in Madhya Pradesh and empties itself into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat. It also marks the traditional boundary between North and South India.
10. River Mahanadi- 858 km
Originating from the Raipur district of Chhattisgarh, the River Mahanadi is one of the major rivers of India that flows through East Central India. Its flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Orissa and run 851 km long in length. Mostly a seasonal river which is formed by the combination of various mountain streams, the River Mahanadi empties itself into the Bay of Bengal. River Mahanadi is also popular for the Hirakud Dam which is built over it.
11. River Kaveri- 805 km
Popularly known as the River Cauvery, the Kaveri River flows through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and is considered as the most important river of South India. The 800 km long river Kaveri is also considered the fourth largest river of South India and dissects the state of Tamil Nadu into North and South while flowing through it. It originates from the foothills of the Western Ghats at Talakaveri, Kodagu, which is in the state of Karnataka before emptying itself into the Bay of Bengal. It, however, empties itself through two of its principal mouths in Poompohar, Tamil Nadu. The river is the source for an extensive irrigation system and for hydroelectric power which has pitted the neighbouring Indian states against each other for decades.
12. River Tapti – 724 km
The River Tapti, also known as River Tapi is a 724 km long river which runs through Central India, between the Godavari and Narmada rivers. It originates from the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh and passes through the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat before emptying itself into the Arabian Sea, through the Gulf of Khambhat. At the popular Khandwa-Burhandpur Gap, the rivers Tapti and Narmada are the closest to each other. One monsoon, in the year 1968, before the Ukai dam was constructed, the River Tapti overflowed its banks and caused a flood which claimed thousands of lives and submerged the City of Surat for almost ten days straight.
These are the longest rivers in India. Do post your comments.