Nasa’s Hubble Space Telescope captured images of Mars when it was just 50 million miles from Earth. Astronomers made the observation just a few days back when Mars and Sun will be on the exact opposite sides of Earth. The date will be 22nd May. It has been predicted that on 30th May Mars will be closest to Earth in last 11 years at a distance of 46.98 million miles. Mars looks too cool and the reason is very simple it is totally illuminated by Sun as seen from Earth. See the image below captured by Hubble Space Telescope.
Hubble Space Telescope Closeup View of Mars
Image Credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), J. Bell (ASU), and M. Wolff (Space Science Institute)
The unique features are Mars are clearly visible in the image like heavily eroded Arabia Terraat the center of the image. You can also see the small southern polar cap at the right side of the image. The Hubble mission is being run jointly by NASA and ESA. In this mission, they are using a telescope in spaces and on the ground to explore the Martian surface.
The images were though taken on 12th May but the closest interaction between Earth and Mars will be on 30th May when they both will be just 46.8 million miles away. The picture taken by Hubble telescope shows clearly the mountains, crators, and canyons situated on the planet. See the annotated view of Mars. Arabia Terra visible at the center of the image seems to be the oldest feature of the planet. It looks like it is heavily eroded. If you will see the right side of the image, little clouds are clearly visible. They also cover the extensive south polar ice cap as well. The north polar ice is very low because of Summer in the northern hemisphere of the planet.
Credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), J. Bell (ASU), and M. Wolff (Space Science Institute)
Now, let us discuss south of Arabia Terra, it is running from east to west along the equator. They are known as Sinus Sabaeus in the east direction and Sinus Meridiani in the west direction. The darker reasons are prominently covered with ancient lava flows and volcanic features.
Hubble Space Telescope which is giving us a chance to see the planet so closely was launched in April 1990 outside the space shuttle Discovery. Initially, there were some flaws but Spacewalking astronauts fix the primary mirror in December 1993. Since then it is helping us in exploring and making discoveries. Space is too very beautiful and we have already covered how lightning looks from Space. We have amazing astronomical events in space too. There are few facts about Hubble Space Telescope that you should know are listed below,
- It uses only 2800 watts’ power which is approximately similar to the power used by typical kitchen kettle. There are a couple of solar panels placed inside the telescope that provides power.
- It is one of the fastest telescope revolving around the world at a speed of 28 000 km/h.
- Hubble Space Telescope can see the furthest galaxies very easily but it is very difficult to see nearby objects. Sun is so bright that it can damage its lenses and same goes with Mercury.
- HST is a giant digital camera. The instruments placed inside captures the light with electronic detectors.
- HST has measured the age of the Universe approximately 13.8 Billion years. It is considered to be one of the greatest achievement of HST. It is one of the most accurate figure considered as compared with the previous measurements.
- Hubble Space Telescope is in the final phases of its life. It has been said that vital systems of the telescope will get failed in 2014 and after that it is useless. If we do make any rescue, then it will reenter the Earth atmosphere and burn up between 2019 and 2030