Volcanoes are a natural phenomenon that resulted from the immense heat under the surface including lava and rocks. Regions that are exposed to volcanic eruptions are unpopulated. Some volcanoes are usually active and they don’t sleep completely and are expected to erupt again. Thus we pick ten famous volcanoes all over the world in this article:-
Famous Volcanoes in the World
1. Mount St. Helens, United States
Mount St. Helens is an active volcano comes under the category of the stratovolcano. It is located in the Pacific Northwest Region of United States. Mount St. Helens peak is at an elevation of 2550 meters above sea level. The last eruption was seen on 10th July 2008. Though the mountain’s activity is being recorded continuously from 20th March 1980 when even a jolt of an earthquake with Magnitude 4.2 was felt. However, from past 3 decades, any strong earthquake hasn’t hit that region. Sometimes it is common to experience series of mild earthquakes within the time of few hours.With advancement in technology, scientists, geologists, and geophysicists have successfully built a 3-D structure of this volcano. This helps them to predict the probability of future events that might take place on this mountain. It is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world.
2. Krakatoa, Indonesia
Krakatoa is a volcanic island located in Sundara Strait, an extension region of Indonesia. Krakatoa recorded its most explosive eruption in the year 1883 which is amongst the most dreadful explosions in the world. Krakatoa lies on the Indian-Australian and Eurasian tectonic plates which are considered to be a zone of high volcanic and seismic activity. In 1883 the volatile volcanic discharge from Krakatoa contained nearly 21 cubic km of rock fragments and ashes which engulfed an area of about 3000 square miles. After this terrible eruption, the surrounding region of the atmosphere was covered with darkness and ashes for almost 60 hours. The fine air circulated around the whole atmosphere making the spectacular orange and red sunset throughout the year. Due to the vast amount of lava and other volcanic materials that erupted out from this mountain the shape of Krakatoa has become Caldera.
3. Mount Vesuvius, Italy
It is a somma stratovolcano i.e its volcanic Caldera structure is half filled by the new central cone. Actually, it’s upper summit has grown again, so this mountain is also called as Mount Somma. The geologists and volcanologists claim that this is the most unpredictable mountain for its eruption. Its upcoming events are hard to predict as it sometimes shows unpredictable volcanic activity. This mountain is situated in Naples, Italy. Vesuvius or Plinian type of volcanic eruption is shown by them. Plinian eruption includes volcanic debris and hot gases which reach up to the second layer of earth’s atmosphere i.e. stratosphere. Its lava is rich in Silicates and its ashes contain pumice stones. Plinian eruptions have a very loud sound just like Krakatoa eruption. It showed the last eruption in March 1944.
4. Mount Etna, Italy
The name of this mountain is derived from Greek word “Aitne” which means “I burn”. This mountain which is situated in Sicily, metropolitan city of Catania, Italy is the only active volcano in the whole Russia. It is a stratovolcano with its highest peak reaching 3350 meters above the sea level. It heights vary like other active volcanoes. It’s height increases from deposition and decreases due to the periodic collapse of the Pacific Rim. Geologists study suggests that Etna’s volcanic activity has been active for past 2.6 million years. According to new research, Radiocarbon dating has shown that Mount Etna has been moving from millions of years and it has been told that this active volcano of Europe is slowly edging towards the sea. The continuous activity of this volcano has a deep impact on the atmosphere and ecological system.
5. MAUNA LOA, Hawaii
One of the most famous volcanoes in the world, Mount Loa is one among five volcanoes that complete the Island of Hawaii in the US. It is considered to be the world’s largest volcano in both mass and volume. Its first historical eruption took place in the year 1843 and from then onwards it has erupted 33 times to date. It is categorized by the active volcanoes. From updated records, this volcano has been the tallest amongst all other volcanoes in the world. Its height is approximately 4169 meters. Measuring its height from its base Mount Loa stands 56000 feet which are nearly 17 kilometres above its base. The city Hilo which is situated at the nearest distance to this volcano was affected badly by the eruptions of 1935 and 1942. The volcanic activity of this volcano has even caused earthquakes. In the year 1868, an earthquake of magnitude 8.0 came and took the lives of many in the surrounding region. It is also listed as one of the most dangerous Active Volcanoes in the world.
6. Mount Fuji, Tokyo
Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan. It is situated at 100 km southwest of Tokyo. In Japan, it is commonly called as “Fuji-san”. Its highest peak reaches 3376 meters above the sea level. It is an active volcano with 1st eruption taking place in 1707. According to Geologists, the Fuji is formed some 2.6 million years ago by an earthquake. Due to its perfect conic shape, it is even worshipped as a sacred mountain. It is an attractive place for tourism and even experienced a big popularity among artists. Mostly the atmosphere around mount Fuji is cloudy with little fog. Visibility of this mountain tends to be better in the colder season as compared to summer.
7. Mount Pinatubo, Philippines
Mount Pinatubo is an active stratovolcano. It is located at tripoint boundary of the Philippine province of Zambales, Tarlag, and Pampanga. It’s volcanic eruption on June 15, 1991, is considered to be world’s largest volcanic eruption of the past century. In the volcanic eruption of 1991 more than millions of tons of carbon dioxide was ejected into the atmosphere which resulted in ozone depletion and a decrease in overall temperature all around the globe. The ozone depletion over Antarctica increased in its size after the eruptions from Mount Pinatubo. Mount Pinatubo is still active and its volcanic activities are more likely predictable by Geologists with the help of advanced technology.
Image Source: Wikimedia
8. Mt. Pelee, Martinique
One of the most famous volcanoes in the world, Mt. Pelee which rises up to 1397 meters, lastly erupted in 1932. In the current state, it is a non-active volcano yet its seismic activity are being recorded. Became famous after its eruption in 1902 which took lives of thirty thousand peoples burning the whole city from its lava. It is situated on the Caribbean island of Martinique.
Image Source: Wikimedia
9. Mount Tambora, Indonesia
Mount Tambora is the largest volcanic eruption ever recorded, situated in Indonesia. It threw too much ash into the atmosphere when exploded in 1815 that it completely wiped out sunlight. About 10000 people die by the lava flow and poisonous fumes. It lost its height from an eruption in 1815 and is now only 2851 meters high. The mountain is active and has shown many seismic activities in recent years.
10. Mount Cotopaxi, South America
Mount Cotopaxi is an active stratovolcano in Andes mountains situated in South America. It is one of the world’s highest Volcanoes with an elevation of 5897 meters. This Volcano is a part of Volcanoes around Pacific plate and is there termed as Pacific Rim of Fire. This Mountain is considered to be a sacred mountain by Andean people from a long time. Till date, 87 eruptions have been recorded from this mountain, which makes it one of the most active volcanoes of Ecuador.
These are the most famous volcanoes in the world. Please do share your comments.