The Earth consists of many diverse geological features and mountains are some of the most fascinating of these. Usually formed by volcanic or tectonic activity, mountains reduce in height due to the erosion by wing as they get older. It is no wonder that the tallest mountains in the world, The Himalayas are also the youngest. All of the ten highest peaks are located in the Himalayan mountain range and here is a list of the ten highest mountains in the world.
Highest Mountains In The World
1. Mount Everest
Undoubtedly the most famous mountain in the world, the Mount Everest is a favourite with adventurous climbers all over the world since it is the highest mountain in the world. At 8848 meters, it is, however, the fifth tallest mountain measured from the Earth’s centre since there are taller undersea mountains not visible from outside the water. Many experienced climbers are of the opinion that despite being the highest mountain in the world, it is not very difficult to scale. This mountain is located in Nepal near its border with China.
Located in Pakistan near its border with China and Tajikistan, this is the second highest mountain in the world and is also one of the most difficult to scale. It has a height of 8611 meters and belongs to the ‘eight thousand’ club, which can be climbed only by the most skilled mountaineers. According to recent statistics, this mountain has the second highest fatality rate in the world and for every four people who reach the peak, one dies to try. This has earned the mountain the name ‘Savage Mountain”.
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This mountain is the highest in India and the third highest in the world with a height of 8586 meters above sea level. It is located in the state of Sikkim close to the border with Nepal. According to Hindu mythology, the area around Kanchenjunga is believed to hold the five treasures of God – gold, silver, gems, holy books and grains. This mountaintop is one of the most difficult to scale because of the high ice walls that need to be climbed before reaching the peak.
This mountain in Tibet is the fourth highest mountain in the world and is connected to the Mount Everest by a narrow corridor passing along the Himalayan mountain range called South Col. In Tibetan, Lhotse means South Peak and this mountain has multiple peaks of differing height, all in the 8000+ club. The main peak is 8,516 meters high, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 meters and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 meters above sea level. This mountain is located near the Tibet-Nepal border and is very popular with climbers all over the world.
This mountain is located close to Mount Everest in Nepal and 19 kilometres southeast of the highest mountain in the world. This Mountain is an isolated peak and has the shape of a four-sided pyramid. The peak stands at a height of 8481 meters above sea level making it the fifth highest mountain in the world. Though this peak is not as well known as Mount Everest, it is a very challenging climb only attempted by the very best. You will also love reading about dangerous active volcanoes.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Makalu.jpg
6. Cho Oyu
This is the sixth highest mountain in the world and like all the other mountains higher than it; it is located in the Himalayas in Tibet. It has a height of 8201 meters above sea level. The name of the mountain means Turquoise Goddess in Tibetan and stands for the beautiful colours of the mountain ice. It is in the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/ChoOyu-fromGokyo.jpg
Dhaulagiri, literally meaning White Mountain, is located just outside Central Nepal and is the seventh highest mountain in the world with a height of 8167 meters above sea level. It is separated from the Annapurna, one of the highest mountains in the world by a valley and the sheer cliffs on the side of these two mountains stand to face each other. These ice-clad cliffs drop vertically to a height of almost 4000 meters and are a very challenging climb. For about 30 years, this mountain was thought to be the tallest in the world because it appears so daunting.
This is one of the highest mountains in the world and is located in the Nepalese Himalayas, towards the west of Nepal. Its name comes from the Sanskrit word “Manasa” meaning soul or spirit and so this mountain is called the Mountain of the Spirit. This mountain was first scaled by a Japanese expedition in 1956 and since then has been a favourite with Japanese climbers just as the Mount Everest is popular amongst British climbers.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/Sunrise%2C_Manaslu_%282%29.jpg
9. Nanga Parbat
This oddly named Mountain is located in Pakistan and the name translates to mean “Naked Mountain”. This is one of the highest peaks in the world and rises to 8126 meters above sea level. Since it is one of the most difficult peaks to scale and could not be climbed for many years after its discovery, it has earned the name “Killer Mountain”. For a long time, this was the most difficult peaks to climb with a very high fatality rate and though the fatality rate is now lower, it remains one of the most difficult mountains to climb.
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This peak is a part of the Nepalese Himalayas and is located in the North Central region. There are two Annapurna Peaks of which Annapurna I is the tallest, with a height of 8091 meters. This mountain is also one of the most dangerous climbs in the world and has a record fatality rate of 40%. Of the people who do manage to scale the peak, several suffer injuries and loss of limbs because of frostbite and other climate and oxygen-related conditions.
Mountaineering is a very challenging and rewarding experience and while most people can climb smaller peaks, climbing mountains in the 8000+ club require immense physical stamina, mental strength, years of training and the right equipment. Have you ever dreamed of climbing Mount Everest? If you really do want to, it is time to start preparing and maybe after hard work and training, you will be one of those star climbers who has conquered the peak of highest mountains in the world.