Everyone is familiar with the seven wonders of the ancient world, so called because they were remarkable feats of architecture and engineering given the limited technology and primitive tools. However, some modern buildings too are nothing short of miracles as the technology and design used to build them is miles ahead of their time. Here is a list of the 9 modern architectural wonders of the world.
Modern Architectural Wonders
1. Burj Khalifa
This building is an architectural wonder for many different reasons. Firstly, it is the tallest building in the world as of 2017 and has been designed keeping in mind aesthetic appeal and stability of the building. It has more than 200 floors and has a height of 828 metres. This building located in Dubai has become one of the most recognisable buildings in the world and an instant tourist attraction. It has been designed according to Islamic tenets of architecture. It is one of the greatest modern architectural wonders around the world. Burj Khalifa is also one of the tallest buildings in the world.
2. Sydney Opera House
Located in Sydney, Australia, this building is famous for its distinctive shape and location on the coast of Sydney overlooking the beautiful sea. The construction of this building began in 1957 and was completed after 16 years. Today, this building hosts over 2 million visitors annually and has more than one thousand performances. The ceiling of the Opera House that has earned it worldwide fame is made up of 1 million ceramic tiles and lights of different colours are used to change the look of this building for special occasions. You will also like reading about most famous bridges in the world.
3. National Centre for Performing Arts, Beijing
Also known as the National Grand Theatre, this modern architectural wonder is one of three buildings located in China that have made it to this list. The oval building was constructed using titanium and glass and was designed by French architect Paul Andrew to be completed in six years. During the construction, eighteen thousand titanium plates and one thousand glass sheets were used. This theatre has an opera house and several performance halls and is surrounded by an artificial lake. Beside modern, we also want you to read about most famous monuments of ancient Egypt.
4. Beijing National Stadium
This sports complex was specially built for the Beijing Olympics of 2008 and are one of the largest steel structures in the world. It has a structure similar to a bird’s nest and it cost $33 million and 28 kilometres of steel to build this stadium that was completed in five years. It has a seating capacity of 91,000 people and the roof is detachable to control the internal temperature of the stadium depending on which sport is being played inside. The symbolism of the bird’s nest is inspired from Chinese mythology and it depicts heaven.
5. Guggenheim Museum
This museum in Bilbao city, Spain was designed to be modern art and it is built using glass and titanium. It has an irregular shape the curves are built using titanium rods. It was designed by American-Canadian architect Frank Gehry and opened in 1997. It has nineteen galleries for displaying various pieces of part of which ten are irregularly shaped and some have stone interiors. The exterior of this structure reflects light and gives a magnificent look to the building.
6. CCTC Headquarters
The third modern headquarters is one of the architectural wonders in China, this building has an irregular geometrical shape and is made up of two leaning towers that merge at the top by meeting perpendicularly. It has been frequently described as ‘a three-dimensional cranked loop’. The construction of this building started in 2004 and it was inaugurated in 2012. In 2013, it was named as the best tall building in the world. Despite the unusual shape and leaning towers, this building is designed to withstand high seismic activity.
7. Queen Sofia Palace of Arts
The second Opera House to make it to this list, this structure is located in Valencia in Spain and is designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. It took ten years to be completed and was inaugurated in 2005. It is the tallest Opera Houses in the world, with seventeen floors of which three and underground. The roof of this structure is its most amazing aspects and it has been constructed with steel to stand free. The radiant white colour of the building is because of the white tile mosaic that covers the roof. The Palace is divided into three sections which host musical performances, conferences and operas.
8. Petronas Towers
The Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the tallest twin structures in the world with each of the towers having 88 floors. This building was inaugurated in 1999 and was the tallest structure in the world for five years until the Taipei 101 was built in 2004. The towers are renowned for their panelling technique which used 33000 stainless steel and 55000 glass panels and has noise reduction and sunlight filtering properties. The buildings are joined by a two-way bridge that connects the towers at the 41st floor.
9. 30 St. Mary Axe, London
This building located in the heart of London is remarkable not only because of its shape and appearance but also because it was the first eco-friendly skyscraper in London. The shape can be described as curvilinear and the building material is mainly glass and steel. It is known as the Gherkin because of its distinctive shape. The architectural wonders are one of the buildings that have natural ventilation and sunlight. The more than 700 glass panels and glass dome at the top is coated to prevent the loss of heat making the building very energy efficient. It has offices on most of the floors, but the top floor is a club that offers a panoramic view of London city, especially beautiful at night. You can also read about fascinating tombs and mausoleum in the world.
Every city has its own quirky and modern buildings that quickly become landmarks. Be it because of the ingenious design, the environmentally friendly engineering, building materials used or the overall appearance of the structure, modern architectural wonders are true sights to behold. Maybe these buildings will earn a name in the future as the current seven wonders of the world have today. Now, you are aware of modern architectural wonders. We also recommend you to read about historical and precious monuments destroyed by war.