Once there was a time when a volcanic eruption is considered to be a curse of God. Now there is an International organization who studies the behavior of Volcanoes all around the world named International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI).
Here is the list of 10 active volcanoes listed by it which can erupt very frequently or in the active stage.
Most Dangerous Active Volcanoes
1. Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland
The volcano is in Iceland. It has erupted in 2010 caused a great disruption all around western and northern Europe. The 20 countries have closed their airspace and thus affecting about 1 lakh travelers. The volcano is totally surrounded by ice caps and has an elevation of around 1,666 meters. It is one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
2. Mount Vesuvius, Italy
The Mount Vesuvius volcano is located in Italy and also one of the most active volcanoes in the world. It is just 9 Km from east of Naples. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world. The volcano last erupted in 1944 no causing too much destruction. The volcano was known for its eruption in 79 AD when it buried two cities Herculaneum and Pompeii. You will also love reading about highest mountains in the world.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/Mount_Vesuvius%2C_Capri_and_Maddaloni.jpg
The volcano is located in Japan and it is highly active. It is also known as an active volcano and a former island. The volcano erupted in 1914 and the lava flows caused the former island to be connected with the Osumi Peninsula.
Each year we have enormous small explosions that cause ash over the surrounding areas. However major explosion can cause deadly consequences to the people of Kagoshima. The government of Japan has designed special volcanic shelters where people can go and protect themselves.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Kagoshima_cityscape_against_the_background_of_Sakurajima_volcano._Japan%2C_East_Asia.jpg
4. Mount Merapi, Indonesia
The Mount Merapi volcano is located at the border of Central Java and Indonesia. The mountain is also known as Fire Mountain. The mountain is highly active and eruptions have been seen regularly after 1548. There are many people lives on the flanks of the volcano.It is one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
5. Mount Nyiragongo, D.R of Congo
One of the most active volcanoes Mount Nyiragongo is located in the Virunga National Park of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It looks like a lava lake since the lava can be seen by the naked eyes and has an area of around 2km.
Nyiragongo volcano and nearby Nyamuragira are responsible for about 40 percent eruptions that are taking place in Africa.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/13/An_aerial_view_of_the_towering_volcanic_peak_of_Mt._Nyiragongo.jpg
6. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
The volcano is located on the on the island of New Britain. It is the highest peak with an elevation of 2,334 meters in Papua New Guinea. It is also one of the most active volcanos in Papua New Guinea. There are about 22 recorded eruptions since the 18th century.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Etna_eruption_seen_from_the_International_Space_Station.jpg
7. Taal Volcano, Philippines
The Taal volcano is located in the Philippines and considered to be one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The volcano is the second most active volcano of Philippines. The volcano has erupted 33 times in the past. All of these eruptions are concentrated on Volcano Island, an island near the middle of Taal Lake.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2f/Taal_Volcano.jpg
8. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Mauna Loa is one of the five volcanoes that make island Hawaii. The volcano is largest in terms of volume and area covered. The volcano is also known as “Mauna Loa” means “Long Mountain” and one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The eruptions from the volcano are fluid in nature and have slopes rather than explosive one.
9. Galeras, Colombia
The volcano is located in Columbia at an elevation of 4,276 meters above sea level. The volcano first recorded eruption has been taken place on December 7, 1580. There was also an eruption in 1993 that killed about 9 people including the scientist who descended in order to take the sample of the gases erupting during the explosion in one of the most active volcanoes.
10. Santa María, Guatemala
The volcano is not highly active but when it has erupted it crossed all margins. According to the recorded data, It’s eruption in 1902 was the fourth largest eruption of the 20th century and the fifth largest eruption of the past 200 years.
Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/07/VolcanSantaMaria02.JPG