We have total 196 countries in the world today. We have different parameters in which we rank countries around the world. Few parameters can be largest countries, developing countries, happiest countries, peaceful countries and the list goes on. However, we have prepared a list of 10 largest countries around the world by area,
Largest Countries In The World
The largest country in the world has a total area of over 65 lakh square miles and is spread over the two continents of Europe and Asia. Russia is also one of the countries with longest coastlines. The Western part of Russia lies in Europe, while the Eastern part is in Asia, hence the region as a whole is called Eurasia. A large part of the country is permanently snow-clad and is called Siberia. You can also read about most famous bridges in the world.
Canada has a total area of more than 38 lakh square miles and makes up about half of the area of North America. Not only is it the second largest country, it also has the longest coastline in the world and the border it shares with the United States is the longest international border in the world. The famous waterfall Niagara Falls is located along this border.
3. The United States of America
This country apart from being one of the largest, with a total area of over 37 lakh square miles is also the world’s largest economy, oldest democracy and has the world’s highest military spending. Currently, the only superpower in the world, USA is hailed as the land of dreams where any worthy person can achieve great heights with hard work.
Like the US, China too has an area of about 37 lakh square miles, only slightly less than the United States. It is the world’s fastest growing economy and a major challenge to the US in terms of global power. China is home to one of the world’s oldest civilisations and many things like paper, fireworks and silk were discovered in Ancient China. The famous Great Wall of China, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is also located in China and the construction was started by the Qin dynasty in 200 BCE. Modern day China shares its borders with 14 countries including India, Russia, and Pakistan. China also famous for its adventurous bungee jumps in the world.
This is the largest country in South America and has a total area of approximately 32 lakh square miles. The Amazon River flows through Brazil and it is also home to the largest rainforest in the world – the Amazon Rainforest. Brazil is famous for its tropical beaches and welcoming people. It is also the world’s fifth largest country by population size. Its new capital, Brasilia was specially built in 41 months and looks like an aeroplane from the sky.
This country is part of the continent of Oceania, is in the Southern hemisphere and has an area of more than 29 lakh square miles. However, Australia is not an island but a part of the continental shelf. It was colonised by the British and used as a prison colony for a long time. It is famous for its unique and endemic wildlife. The Great Barrier Reef is also a biodiversity hotspot which is fast disappearing.
The seventh largest in terms of size, with an area of 12 lakh square miles, and second-largest in terms of population, India is one of the most culturally, ecologically and geographically diverse country. Like China, it has one of the most ancient civilisations in the world and is home to the famous Taj Mahal. It was connected to the landmasses of Antarctica and Australia and separated during the continental drift. It pushed upwards against the current day Himalayas and was previously separated by the Tethys Sea. It is the largest democracy in the world and its population will quickly overtake China.
Argentina is the second largest country in South America and the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world. It has a total area of about 10 lakh square miles. The southern tip of the country has a place called Cape Horn and is the stormiest place on earth. It was colonised by the Europeans based on a legend that the area had a mountain of silver – hence the name Argentina, from “Argentum”, the Latin word for silver.
Kazakhstan was formerly a part of the Soviet Union and was the second largest country in the USSR. Located in Central Asia, it has a territory of approximately 10 lakh square miles. Kazakhstan is also the world’s largest landlocked country. As part of the Soviet Union, extensive nuclear testing was done in the deserts of this country and this has resulted in genetic disabilities of many people from this region.
Algeria is the largest country in Africa and also the northernmost. It has an area f 23 lakh square kilometres though eighty percent of this area is covered by the Sahara desert. Sudan was the largest country in Africa till 2011, after which South Sudan split from Sudan. The Sahara desert is home to some of the unique animals on Earth who have adapted to the harsh climate of the Sahara.
After reading about these ten largest countries in the world, which of these would you like to explore? Because of the diversity of geographical features present in these large landmasses, they house a large number of plant and animal species, many of which, like those of the Amazon Forest (Brazil) and Western Ghats (India), have yet to be discovered. However, the large international borders of these largest countries have also led to many conflicts between these countries.